It is damage to the retina caused by complications of diabetes, which can eventually lead to blindness.
Any person with diabetes can potentially develop diabetic retinopathy, irrespective of the type of diabetes.
Most common factors deciding incidence
- Duration of diabetes: long-standing diabetic patient have a high incidence of retinopathy
- Control of sugars: those with poorly controlled sugars have more incidence of retinopathy
- Associated diseases: hypertension, IHD, other vascular diseases worsen retinopathy
- Argon laser
- Injection of anti VGEF-anti-vascular endothelial growth factor/steroid in jelly- vitreous
Choice of treatment is guided by Stage of retinopathy.
Blindness caused by diabetic retinopathy can be avoided by regular checkup and timely treatment.