Neurology

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What is a neurologist?

A neurologist is a medical doctor who specializes in treating diseases of the nervous system. The nervous system is made of two parts: the central and peripheral nervous system. It includes the brain and spinal cord.

Illnesses, disorders, and injuries that involve the nervous system often require a neurologist’s management and treatment.

Before they can practice, neurologists must:

  • graduate from medical school
  • complete an internship
  • receive three years of training in a Neurology residency program

SPECIALTY AREAS

What does a neurologist do?

Neurologists manage and treat neurological conditions or problems with the nervous system. Symptoms that commonly require a neurologist include:

  • coordination problems
  • muscle weakness
  • a change in sensation
  • confusion
  • dizziness

People who are having problems with their senses, such as touch, vision, or smell, may also need to see a neurologist. Problems with senses are sometimes caused by nervous system disorders.

Neurologists also see patients with:

  • seizure disorders, such as epilepsy
  • stroke
  • multiple sclerosis
  • neuromuscular disorders, such as myasthenia gravis
  • infections of the nervous system, including encephalitis, meningitis, or brain abscesses
  • neurodegenerative disorders, such as Lou Gehrig’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease
  • spinal cord disorders, including inflammatory and autoimmune disorders
  • headaches, such as cluster headaches and migraines
functional-neurology
neurology
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